New Racer FAQs


Why should I join a racing club?

Joining a racing club might seem like an unnecessary step to get into bike racing but it’s actually highly recommended. Through a racing club, you’ll meet experienced racers who will help you develop the good habits and skills necessary to race safe and in control.

By being part of a club, you’ll be aware of the club activites such as: group rides, clinics and races. As an unattached rider, you don’t have those options, or it’s more hit and miss.

There is usually a small cost to join a racing club, for a membership fee and a jersey. However, since most clubs also provide discounts on merchandise and services, the discounts can offset the costs.

How do I find a club to join?

Most new racers find a racing club by talking with their bike riding friends and acquaintances. Check Juniors / Local Junior Teams and the USAC Southern California cycling clubs web page and see if there are any racing clubs that interest you.  Also, check with your local bike shop, they may have contact information for a racing club.

General Race Information

What types of races are there?

There are four primary disciplines to bike racing: road, mountain, track and cyclocross.

How can I learn the rules of the various races?

You can view the current USA Cycling rule book and info on junior riders here.

Skills and Training

What are the skills I need to know before racing?

Most bike racing clinics start with basic bike riding drills such as pacelining and cornering. These may sound simple but there are always nuances to be found from experienced racers. For racing, it’s necessary to be safe and comfortable while riding in a pack of racers.

Consider joining a local club and participating in their group rides.  Then progress to the larger, multi-club rides such as Como Street, Food Park, Montrose, Simi, Buds, Rose Bowl, Canyon Velo, or many others.  HERE is a good list of these rides.  Look for “practice” races such as El Dorado.   These events sometimes have clinics consisting of discussion and on-road exercises with mentors riding along during the exercises. Mentors sometimes ride with the racers once the races get underway. These are excellent sessions, tailor-made for new racers.

Check the SCNCA calendar for occasional clinics.   And finally, most bike clubs take it upon themselves to ensure their members are skilled racers by hosting their own internal camps and clinics.

Are there some basic training guidelines?

USA Cycling maintains a database of licensed coaches. You can search the USA Cycling coaches database . Many clubs have experienced riders who may not be licensed as a coach, yet can still offer basic training guidelines. Before joining a club you might want to ask about coaching help the club can provide.

This page also has good info on coaching:

Racing License

How do I go about buying a license?

A USA Cycling license can be purchased online or at most events. It’s much less hectic for your pre-race routine to purchase the license online at All licenses are valid for a calendar year and expire on December 31st.

How are riders classified, what are all these categories?

Riders are classified based on two things, your age and your skill level (category).

The racing age groups are as follows:

Youth – Riders 6 through 8 years of age
Juniors – Riders 9 – 18 years of age
Under 23 – Riders 19-22 years of age
Elite – Riders 23-29 years of age
Master – riders 30 years of age and over

Junior and Master races can have additional age sub-groups so you may see races listed as “Junior 13-14″ which would be a race for riders 13-14 years old or “Master 35+” which would be a race for riders 35 years and older. In Southern California and Nevada most Master races are for riders either 35 and over, 45 and over, 55 and over or 60 and older.

The Elite races can be considered an open age group since Juniors and Under 23 riders can ride up in age and enter an Elite race and Masters can ride down in age and ride in an Elite race.

The Skill groups or categories are:

Novice – Entry level racers with few mass start races / experience
Cat 4 – Local level racers
Cat 3 – Regional level racers
Cat 2 – National level racers
Cat 1 – International level racers
Pros – Cat 1 riders who have a contract with a registered Pro team.

The races you can enter are based on the combination of your age group and your category. A race listed as a Masters 35+ 4/Novice race is open to any rider who is 35 years or older and has a category of 4 or Novice. A Masters 35+ 1/2/3 race is for a rider who is 35 or older and has a category of 1, 2 or 3.  An Elite 4 race can be entered by a rider from any age group who is category 4. Note that Novice′s may not enter a race just for Cat 4′s and Cat 1,2 or 3′s may not enter a race open only to Cat 4′s.  You may only enter a race where the advertised category restrictions match the category listed on your license.  If you enter a race that doesn’t match the category or age group listed on your license you may be subject to a 30 day suspension. It is the rider’s responsibility to make sure you have entered the proper race.

Choosing a Race

Where do I find race information?

Information for almost all Road, Track, Mountain bike and Cyclocross races for the Southern California/Nevada region can be found on the SCHEDULE tab of this website

Also visit BikeReg

Information about races in Northern California/Nevada can be found at the NCNCA web site at

Links to other local associations throughout the USA can be found under the SCHEDULE / USAC ASSOCIATIONS tab.  You can also search for races / events at the USA Cycling Event Search page,  then either click on a state or enter the name of a race you are interested in.  If the race has been issued a race permit then you should find it.

How do I register for a race?

Registering for a race is the process of paying your race entry fees and completing a standard liability release form.

You can either pre-register for races at the BikeReg site, or wait until race day to enter.  Pre-registering can often save a few dollars, and can avoid hassles of additional paperwork at the event.  It can also alert you to races that may already be full (saving you from a wasted trip to a race you won’t be able to enter).  Most registration is done through the site.  Simply search for your race through the Schedule > Event List menu option on this site and click on the “Register” link (if available).  Races without a “Register” option either have not yet gotten their race permits or only do registration at the event.

For safety reasons all races have field limits. Many races will reach their field limits during the pre-registration period. This means that riders who wait until race day to enter will be put on a waiting list and may not be able to participate in the race.

On race day if you have pre-registered for your race all you need to do is check-in at the registration table. You may need your USAC license so the registration people can verify you have a license and you have entered the proper race category. You can show this information electronically via the “My USA Cycling” app.  Remember, if you pre-registered online you will may need to turn in a signed liability release form. Once you have checked in at the registration table and the registration person has verified your license then you will be given a race bib number. The registration person should tell you which side of your jersey to pin your number to.

If you haven’t pre-registered then you need to fill out a liability release form at a table near registration. Then you need to go to the registration table and find out if there is still room in your desired race. If there is, then you turn in your liability release form, pay your entry fees, show your license and get your race number.

When registering for a race, you can only enter races that match your racing category and age group as listed on your license. If you are a Novice  rider you can only enter races with include “Novice” in their description.  This could be Novice only, or Cat 4/ Novice (a race combining the Cat 4′s and Novice riders) or “Open Race” (open to all category numbers).  As a Novice, you cannot enter a race open only to Cat 4 riders.

If you are 37 years old, you can enter an Elite (Category) race or a race for Masters 30+ or Masters 35+. You can’t enter a junior race or a masters 45+ race. The number after the word “Masters” refers to the minimum age that can enter that race. A Masters 35+ race is open to riders 35 years and older.

Sometimes there are Masters races that are restricted to specific Categories.  In this case, you must meet BOTH the age and Category restrictions.

Race Day

What should I do for pre-race preparation on race day?

Your pre-race preparation should really start the day before your race. The day before your race you should put all the things you will need for your race together in a race bag. In your race bag you should pack all the items you will need on race day. Some of the items should be your jersey, shorts and cycling shoes (nothing worse than getting to the race and realizing you left your shoes at home). You should also have your racing license, helmet, water bottles, and food you might want to eat before, during or after your race. You should also have a copy of the directions to the race and any map information needed to get to the race. You also need money if you haven’t pre-registered and any other items you might need.

Once you have arrived at the race site your first order of business is to check into the race at the registration table. If you have pre-registered there might be a special line just for pre-registered riders, otherwise you will be in a single line for your race. When you get your number be sure to ask which side to pin your number to.

Once you have checked in you probably want to get dressed and ready to ride. You really can’t do a good job of pinning on your number by yourself. It is best if you find a friend to help put your number on once you have your jersey on. Once you are dressed and ready to ride you should check out the course if possible. For criteriums you can’t be on the course during another race. This means you need to wait for the period between races to grab a quick practice lap or two on the course. Be sure to keep an eye out for any pot holes, broken pavement, cracks in the road or any other obstructions on the course.

After pre-riding the course you might want to start your warm-up, depending on how much time you have before your race. For most criteriums there isn’t a really good spot you can do a proper warm-up. For this reason many racers now bring their own stationary trainer to races so they can warm-up on their trainer. If you don’t have a trainer then you are stuck warming up as best you can on the city streets. Remember to obey all traffic laws since we don’’t want to upset the local residents and run the risk of losing the race course in the future. During your warm-up it’s a good time to talk to teammates and hammer out a race strategy. It is also a good time to catch up with friends you haven’t seen in a while. About 15 minutes before your race starts you probably want to go back to your car, take off any excess clothes, take a final drink and take anything off your bike you don’t need in the race (like a pump or saddle bag). If the officials allow it, you probably want to grab a final practice lap around the race course before you line up for the start. You should plan on being on the start line 3 to 5 minutes before your race begins, so you can hear the final race instructions from the officials.

Be sure to wear your helmet at ALL times when you are moving on your bike.  The only exception is being on a static trainer.  If the bike is moving and you are on it, you must have a helmet on!

What should I do after the race?

Immediately after you cross the finish line you want to make note of who finished around you. Try to remember the race number of one or two riders you finished near. If you can’t get a race number then take note of the type of jersey(s) of those racers. This information could help you if there is a problem with the race results.

Most riders take a cool down lap after their race (in a criterium). When coming back to the finish line be careful since the next race may be lining up and the road may be blocked by riders waiting to start their race. You will want to check out the tentative results when they are posted. Results are normally posted somewhere near the registration area. For criteriums, it normally takes 10 to 15 minutes for the tentative results to be posted. In a road race, it may take 30 minutes up to two hours for the results to be posted. Once the results are posted there is a 15 minute protest period. If you feel a mistake has been made in the results, you must call any errors to the attention of the Chief Judge during the protest period. Mistakes in the results are most often due to your race number not being placed in the proper position where it can be seen by the finishing video camera, or another rider next to you obscured your race number from the camera. The Chief Judge can be found near the finish line area and is the official responsible for determining the race results. You can go to the officials area at the finish line and ask to speak to the Chief Judge if you feel a mistake has been made in your results. The Chief Judge will do their best to correct any mistakes that are made in the results during the protest period.

Once the results protest period has passed the results are final and prizes can be handed out. Again, award ceremonies usually take place near the registration area. Note, once the protest period has passed under USAC rules the results are final and no additions or corrections can be made. In general, most officials will make corrections to the results as long as the place in question doesn’t affect the prize positions. Once the race day is over and everyone has gone home no additions or corrections to results can be made since the officials no longer have access to the video camera and other notes they would need to change the results.

The race officials in the SCNCA territory always try to place all finishers in races. There are several problems that can come up that can prevent all riders from being placed. Some problems are failures with our finish line video camera, missing race numbers, unreadable race numbers, riders obscured from the camera by other riders and emergency situations that require the attention of the officials.

If you can’t remain after your race to check your results at the race, then you can normally find results posted online at either the race web site or on the SCNCA Race Results page  Remember, if you discover an error in the results once they have been posted online, it is too late to make any corrections or additions except for misspelled names or where the wrong name is associated with the indicated race number. For this type of error you should contact the race promoter.

At the conclusion of your race, you must report to junior gear inspection (also called junior rollout) so officials can confirm you are racing on legal gearing.  The only exception may be if the rollout occurred BEFORE the race.  Be aware that this is required of all juniors (race age 9 to 18) regardless of the type of road event you are doing.  If it is a junior-only race, then all racers will report to rollout.  If it’s an elite / category race, only the juniors will need to report.  If you miss rollout, you will be relegated or disqualified.  You also need to report as quickly as it is safe to do (don’t cut across the finishing area in front of racers behind you who are sprinting).

What are some things I should watch out for in my early races?

It’s important in your early races to refine your prerace routine. So give yourself extra time before the race begins so you won’t be rushed. This process actually begins the night before the race, when you set aside all the gear and equipment necessary for the next day’s event. Plan for time to meet with your teammates to discuss your team goals for the race.

During the race – relax, ride safely, be smooth and use your racing skills. Don’t be afraid to communicate with the riders around you.

After the race, catch up with your teammates and discuss what went wrong and what went right.

Why aren’t my results in my account at

Results used to only be posted at the USA Cycling site and are searchable through your USAC account or this link .  More recently, race results are also available through other sites such as and  The latter has a good archive of results for SCNCA events here:

If you cannot find your results from a recent race, it may be because of a problem with the license number.  Please follow the instructions on this USA Cycling at this page:  Alternatively, you can contact BikeReg at the following email address:

Results and Upgrading

How do I upgrade to the next higher category?

Upgrading is the process by which a rider advances to the next highest ability level. Riders qualify to be upgraded by meeting certain experience requirements, or earning enough upgrade points. Upgrade points are earned by placing toward the top in races.  The points and placements vary with the type of race and the number of participants.
Rules can be found here:

See the SCNCA upgrade page under Resources > Category Upgrades for more details about upgrade requirements.

You should keep a log of every race you do. In your log you should note the race name, date, location, the race type and distance, your finish placing and field size.  All of this information will be helpful when it comes time for you to upgrade.